The Indian Meadows (Tsi ienhontakwáhtha) is a historical area of importance to the Mohawks of Akwesasne as reserved in the 7 Nations of Canada Treaty of 1796. The influx of pollutants in the 1950's contributed to the loss of traditional use of this area and its resources by the Mohawks. The USEPA addresses the role tribal treaty rights play in the evaluation and restoration process and states that traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) is appropriate for consideration at Superfund sites. TEK is defined as the knowledge of and relationship with a particular place over time, thus, the Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe (SRMT) has a vested interest in both assisting in the evaluation of the Grasse River Superfund Site and in the eventual restoring of its traditional grounds.
The lower Grasse River was affected by industrial dredging, construction, and effluvia from the early 1900's to the 1950's. Studies undertaken to assess the damage and to describe and document habitat conditions have concentrated heavily on the evaluation of current habitat condition within the riverine system with little attention given to past cultural and historical uses.
Ultimately, the SRMT envisions restored cultural uses and access to harvest and collect in the historic Indian Meadows.